Vitrectomy is a procedure that is commonly performed to treat conditions that are impacting the retina, the light-sensitive tissue that lines the inside back part of the eye. Vitrectomy surgery is done to remove the vitreous gel, a clear, jelly-like substance that fills the inside of the eye. This procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia, but you may be put to sleep with general anesthesia depending on your unique health conditions.
The vitreous gel may be removed to allow direct access to the retina to address any issues that may exist. After the retina has been appropriately treated, the space between the front and back of the eye must be filled. In many cases, it is filled with a gas bubble. Sometimes, silicone oil or a saline-type solution is inserted into the space.
Eye Conditions That May Require Vitrectomy
Certain eye conditions that damage the retina should be corrected as quickly as possible to help reduce the risk of permanent vision loss.
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Detached retina
- Macular pucker or hole
- Certain problems after cataract surgery
- Eye infection
- Severe eye injury
Your vision may not become perfect after a vitrectomy; our doctors will explain realistic expectations for your results.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotic eye drops to help prevent infection and we will ask that you wear an eye patch for a couple of days to promote healing. You will receive instructions on how to maintain a body position that supports the gas bubble, silicone oil or saline solution that has been inserted into your eyes. Certain activities should be avoided as your eyes heal such as reading, driving, smoking, lifting objects over five pounds, bending over and any type of strenuous activity. Full recovery may take 4-6 weeks.
Risk Factors for Vitrectomy
Complications with vitrectomy are rare, but it is possible to experience side effects such as infection, inflammation, bleeding, swelling, vision changes, elevated eye pressure, increased rate of cataract growth and more. Your doctor will discuss these risks with you in detail prior to your surgery.
To learn more about vitrectomy surgery in Park City, UT, contact us today.